Long before the Chinese made
Blue and White Porcelain using cobalt, a black iron oxide was used to paint motifs below a clear protecting glaze. This technique, used at Cizhou in northern China, developed independently from the
Celadon production in southern China.
By the 14th century, the so-called
Underglaze Black technique appeared in Thailand and Vietnam. In Thailand,
fish and chrysanthemums representing long life and happiness were preferred
while in Vietnam a flower motif was more common. It is highly possible that the underglaze decoration technique (painting with oxides and then applying glaze) arrived in both Thailand and Vietnam with immigrating Chinese potters.
Plate from Shipwreck
CERAMIC ARTIFACT #ub-008708
It is painted with iron oxide on top of a covered course
clay. Thick glaze covers the entire plate. The fish motif
symbolizes fecundity (ability to reproduce).
shipwreck plate probably originates from the Sukhothai kilns in
Thailand. It was
brought to Southeast Asia as a valuable trade-good by an ancient trading ship that later sunk into the sea. After many centuries,
the piece was rediscovered by deep-sea excavators of the shipwreck and subsequently acquired by The Chalre Collection through a registered dealer.
Dynasty (1368 - 1644), possibly during the era of Emperor Wanli (1573 -
Width or Depth: 29cm
with similar shape and/or decorations are found in various publications
dealing with Asian Ceramics including: Chinese Ceramics,
Vietnamese Ceramics and Zhangzhou
Other identical and/or similar pieces can be found in Lost
At Sea: The Lena Shoal Junk, The
Pearl Road: Tales of Treasure Ships and other publications dealing
with Asian shipwreck excavations.
items are also on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London
(UK), the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco (USA), the National Museum
of Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), the National Museum of the Philippines
throughout the world with diverse collections of Asian ceramics.