Long before the Chinese made
Blue and White Porcelain using cobalt, a black iron oxide was used to paint motifs below a clear protecting glaze. This technique, used at Cizhou in northern China, developed independently from the
Celadon production in southern China.
By the 14th century, the so-called
Underglaze Black technique appeared in Thailand and Vietnam. In Thailand,
fish and chrysanthemums representing long life and happiness were preferred
while in Vietnam a flower motif was more common. It is highly possible that the underglaze decoration technique (painting with oxides and then applying glaze) arrived in both Thailand and Vietnam with immigrating Chinese potters.
plate originally had colourful and lively decorations covered most of
its inside surface. Over many centuries of sitting under water
many of the colours washed away. The original designs can only be
surmised from the outlines that remain.
artifact is believed to have been produced in Vietnam. It was
brought to Southeast Asia as a valuable trade-good probably by an ancient Chinese trading
ship that later sunk into the sea. After many centuries,
the piece was rediscovered by deep-sea excavators of the shipwreck and subsequently acquired by The Chalre Collection through a registered dealer.
Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
Width or Depth: 25cm
with similar shape and/or decorations are found in various publications
dealing with Anamese (Vietnamese) Ceramics including: Vietnamese
Other identical and/or similar pieces can be found in Lost
At Sea: The Lena Shoal Junk, The
Pearl Road: Tales of Treasure Ships and other publications dealing
with Asian shipwreck excavations.
items are also on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London
(UK), the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco (USA), the National Museum
of Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), the National Museum of the Philippines
throughout the world with diverse collections of Asian ceramics.