Blue and White
Blue and White
Porcelain is probably the most celebrated of all Ceramic Art styles ever produced
-- or at least the continuing outrageous enthusiasm of auction
buyers gives this impression.
as "Qinghua" in China, the style was well developed by the
Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368) but became world famous during the Ming
Dynasty (1368 - 1644). Even today, many people use the terms
"Ming" "Blue and White" synonymously.
The decorative style became the standard for
Imperial Porcelain production in China and was much revered throughout Southeast Asia and the Middle-East because of vast trade networks existing since ancient times.
western affection for Blue and White Porcelain began in 1603 when the
Dutch East India Company sent a single ship to Amsterdam with a load of
the "Chinese White Gold." It was sold for a colossal profit
and the rest of Europe soon caught on. The affection for Blue and White
Porcelain continues relentlessly today.
center of production of Underglaze Blue Ceramics in China was Jingdezhen
in Jianxi Province. It
was here that ample raw materials (such as 2 mountains of white kaolin
clay) were available.
Chinese potters developed the technique of painting blue cobalt
oxide on white clay and spraying a coating of clear glaze over top.
When kiln fired at high temperature, the ceramic and its
decoration can remain in mint condition for centuries even if buried
under water or earth.
imperial kilns in the Jingdezhen area were important, other locations
such as Shantou (Swatow), Dehua and other parts of Fujian province also
produced tradeware Porcelain that is found throughout Southeast Asia.
Guan with Fish Scene
large Blue and White container is covered with a rich aquatic
decoration on the main body featuring various types of fish and water
plants. Above the main scene is a section of intricate lotus
scroll with waves at the top. The bottom section has lotus petal
panels separated from the main section by a classic scroll.
was produced in China,
probably in the city of Jingdezhen of Jiangxi province. It was
brought to Southeast Asia as a valuable trade-good by an ancient Chinese
or Spanish trading
ship that later sunk into the sea. After many centuries,
the piece was rediscovered by deep-sea excavators of the shipwreck and subsequently acquired by The Chalre Collection through a registered dealer.
Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
Width or Depth:
or identical artifacts are found in various Ceramic Art publications.
Some of these include: Blue
and White Wares Found in the Philippines, Chinese
Blue and White Porcelain, Blue
and White Chinese Porcelain and Zhangzhou
similar or identical examples can be found in publications dealing specifically with ancient shipwrecks excavations. Good examples
are Lost At Sea:
The Lena Shoal Junk and The
Pearl Road: Tales of Treasure Ships.
and/or identical items are also on display at the Victoria & Albert
Museum in London (UK), the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco (USA), the
National Museum of Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), the National Museum of the
Philippines (Manila) and other museums throughout the world with diverse
collections of Asian ceramics.