Blue and White
Blue and White
Porcelain is probably the most celebrated of all Ceramic Art styles ever produced
-- or at least the continuing outrageous enthusiasm of auction
buyers gives this impression.
as "Qinghua" in China, the style was well developed by the
Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368) but became world famous during the Ming
Dynasty (1368 - 1644). Even today, many people use the terms
"Ming" "Blue and White" synonymously.
The decorative style became the standard for
Imperial Porcelain production in China and was much revered throughout Southeast Asia and the Middle-East because of vast trade networks existing since ancient times.
western affection for Blue and White Porcelain began in 1603 when the
Dutch East India Company sent a single ship to Amsterdam with a load of
the "Chinese White Gold." It was sold for a colossal profit
and the rest of Europe soon caught on. The affection for Blue and White
Porcelain continues relentlessly today.
center of production of Underglaze Blue Ceramics in China was Jingdezhen
in Jianxi Province. It
was here that ample raw materials (such as 2 mountains of white kaolin
clay) were available.
Chinese potters developed the technique of painting blue cobalt
oxide on white clay and spraying a coating of clear glaze over top.
When kiln fired at high temperature, the ceramic and its
decoration can remain in mint condition for centuries even if buried
under water or earth.
imperial kilns in the Jingdezhen area were important, other locations
such as Shantou (Swatow), Dehua and other parts of Fujian province also
produced tradeware Porcelain that is found throughout Southeast Asia.
Anamese Vase from Shipwreck
small Blue and White Shipwreck Vase has a floral decoration on the main body
section. The shipwreck piece spent many centuries under water and
its decoration has slightly (and charmingly) faded.
artifact was produced in Vietnam possibly by Chinese or Chinese
descended potters. It was
brought to Southeast Asia as a trade-good probably by an ancient Chinese trading
ship that later sunk into the sea. After many centuries,
the piece was rediscovered by deep-sea excavators of the shipwreck and subsequently acquired by The Chalre Collection through a registered dealer.
in the Ming
Dynasty period (1368 - 1644).
Width or Depth: 6cm
and/or identical artifacts are found in various publications dealing
with Asian Ceramic Art including Vietnamese
Other identical and/or similar pieces can be found in Lost
At Sea: The Lena Shoal Junk, The
Pearl Road: Tales of Treasure Ships and other publications dealing
with Asian shipwreck excavations.
items are also on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London
(UK), the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco (USA), the National Museum
of Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), the National Museum of the Philippines
throughout the world with diverse collections of Asian ceramics.