Porcelain is probably the most celebrated of all Ceramic Art styles ever produced, or at least the continuing outrageous enthusiasm of auction buyers gives this impression.
as "Qinghua" in China, the style was well developed by the Yuan Dynasty (1271 - 1368) but became world famous during the Ming
Dynasty (1368 - 1644). Even today, many people use the terms Ming
and Blue-and-White synonymously.
The decorative style became the standard for imperial porcelain production in China and was much revered throughout Southeast Asia and the Middle-East because of vast trade networks existing since ancient times.
western affection for Blue-and-White Porcelain began in 1603 when the
Dutch East India Company sent a single ship to Amsterdam with a load of the "Chinese White Gold." It was sold for a colossal
profit and the rest of Europe soon caught on. The affection for
Blue-and-White Porcelain continues relentlessly today.
center of production of Underglaze Blue Ceramics in China was
Jingdezhen in Jianxi Province.
It was here that ample raw materials (such as 2 mountains of
white kaolin clay) were available.
Chinese potters developed the technique of painting blue cobalt
oxide on white clay and spraying a coating of clear glaze over top.
When heated in a kiln at high temperature, the ceramic and its decoration can remain in mint condition for centuries even if buried underwater or under-the-ground.
imperial kilns in the Jingdezhen area were important, other locations
such as Shantou (Swatow), Dehua and other parts of Fujian province
also produced tradeware porcelain that is found throughout Southeast
Swatow Bowl with Floral Design
Swatow bowl has striking floral design on the outside and simple inside
artifact was produced in China, probably in a coastal city such as Shantou
(Swatow). It was
brought to Southeast Asia as a valuable trade-good by an ancient Chinese
or Spanish trading
ship that later sunk into the sea. After many centuries,
the piece was rediscovered by deep-sea excavators of the shipwreck and subsequently acquired by The Chalre Collection through a registered dealer.
Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
or identical artifacts are found in various ceramic art publications.
Some of these include: Blue and White Wares Found in the
Philippines, Chinese Ceramics,
and White Porcelain, Blue and White Chinese Porcelain
Other similar or identical examples can be found in publications dealing
specifically with ancient shipwrecks excavations. Good examples
At Sea: The Lena Shoal Junk and The
Pearl Road: Tales of Treasure Ships.
items are also on display at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London
(UK), the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco (USA), the National Museum
of Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), the National Museum of the Philippines
throughout the world with diverse collections of Asian ceramics.